Monitoring and evaluation

A Social Labor for Social Dialogue: A Proposal to Improve Working Conditions for Women in the Guatemalan Apparel Industry

By | Guatemala, Social dialogue


The only two independent unions in the Guatemalan apparel industry are suffering a decline in union membership and have become impotent against management bullying. Guatemalan women workers, who make up 80 percent of the apparel industry workforce, face entrenched impediments to their participation in organized labor, effectively preventing them from improving workplace conditions. The underlying reason is that the Guatemalan culture of machismo creates physical and social barriers that deny women the opportunity to develop and exercise their agency in the workplace or in their union. This presents a quandary for legal and social schemes that rely on union-inspired worker activism to improve workplace conditions but that fail to consider the gender context that stunts women’s participation in organized labor. This paper proposes the Trade Fair Label, a social labeling scheme based on worker-manager social
dialogue units, that addresses the shortcomings of oft-utilized corporate social responsibility schemes and that defies the impediments created by the culture of machismo.


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Base Code Guidance: Modern Slavery

By | Guide, Social dialogue

This guide will help businesses understand key concepts, legal definitions and their responsibility to tackle modern slavery. It provides examples and practical steps to assist companies in applying ETI Base Code clause 1, on the prohibition of forced labour, Employment is freely chosen, as well as tips on how to embed modern slavery awareness and due diligence within business practice. Section 2 contains advice on identifying risks of modern slavery in supply chains and business operations, as well as stakeholder engagement.

Sections 3 and 4 will guide companies through the process of remediation and provides tips on what to do when modern slavery is found in supply chains and how to prevent it.

The Annexes include details on international and regional standards concerning modern slavery, information on selected geographies linked to a high risk of forced labour and frequently asked questions about strategies to address modern slavery.


For the original source, please click here.