Do labour unions mitigate labour conflicts in China’s manufacturing firms? Evidence from the China employer-employee survey

By | China


This study assesses the current state of union dialogue in China with both employers and the government. Currently, the presence of unions positively correlates with labour conflicts, especially in cases where the union leader is appointed by the employer’s management. It concludes that unions are not able to efficiently and accurately represent the concerns or desires of workers, and, because of this, they are not being translated to the government.

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Union effects on performance and employment relations: Evidence from China

By | China, Social dialogue


This paper empirically studies union effects on the performance of, and employment relations in, China’s private enterprises. The study finds a positive and statistically significant union effect on labor productivity, but not on profitability. It further finds that unions lead to better employee benefits and increased contract signing in employment. These findings suggest that, in the era of transition from a centrally planned to a market economy, unions in China’s private enterprises do promote workers’ interests as unions do in other economies. And they do that without abandoning their traditional role of harmonizing employment relations, as required by the Party.

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