Political climate

Morocco: Economic, Social, Political and Institutional Situation and its Connection with Social Dialogue

By | Meta-analysis, Morocco


The development of the informal sector of Morocco through short-term contracts and the recent decisions of the government have led to a decline in the influence of social dialogue institutions like unions. The lack of ability of the unions to keep up with the changing demands of new workers and the solitary decisions of the government have led to groups leaving union representation and protesting on their own. The current state of bipartite and tripartite dialogue in the state need to be reassessed.

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Workplace Relations, Social Dialogue and Political Milieu in Nigeria

By | Nigeria, Social dialogue


Harmonious and stable labour-management relations are sine qua non to the development process in Nigeria. For economic and social stability, Nigeria needs to sustain the existing democracy, encourage social dialogue with a view to coping with conflictual issues nationwide. It is against this backdrop that this paper seeks to examine social dialogue as a set of roles for trade unions, and the degree to which this function is enabled or constrained by the dynamics of the political environment in Nigeria. To achieve this objective the authors adopted the qualitative research method. Secondary data such as collective agreements, newspapers reports and official state records were used and supplemented with in-depth interviews with key union representatives and employers’ organizations. The authors outline essential elements for social dialogue and how it can contribute to healthy labour-management relations. The authors addressed the positive contributions that social dialogue can make towards minimising open expression of conflicts with the negative consequences on the tripartite social partners, as well as the impacts of political milieu on the effectiveness of trade unions and by extension social dialogue in Nigeria.


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Social Dialogue in Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan: Regulations and Realities of Social Dialogue

By | Jordan, Morocco, Social dialogue, Tunisia

This report was commissioned by the Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission and carried out by the ITC-ILO. It is an input to the tripartite ad hoc work group on social dialogue, which was set up in the framework of co-operation on employment under the Union for the Mediterranean. The objective of the report is to provide a factual analysis of the present state of social dialogue in three selected countries: Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan. The report is based on desk research and interviews with high level actors in social dialogue, and external observers and academics.